New Testament Scriptures


Just about every instances in the New Testament of the words baptize; Spirit; speak; spoke; language; tongue; prayer; pray; praying

(Mat 3:11) “_I_ indeed baptize you* in water [or, with water, and throughout book] to [or, because of] repentance. But the One coming after me is mightier [than] I, of whom I am not worthy to carry His sandals, _He_ will baptize you* in [the] Holy Spirit, (Mar 1:8) “_I_ indeed baptize you* in water [or, with water, and throughout book], but _He_ will baptize you* in [the] Holy Spirit!” (Luk 3:16) John answered, saying to all, “_I_ indeed baptize you* in water [or, with water, and throughout book], but [One] mightier than I is coming, of whom I am not worthy to loose the strap of His sandals, _He_ will baptize you* in [or, with] [the] Holy Spirit and fire; (Joh 1:33) “And _I_ did not know Him; _but_ the One having sent me to baptize in water, that [One] said to me, ‘Upon whomever you see the Spirit coming down and remaining upon Him, this is the One baptizing in [or, with] [the] Holy Spirit.’

In Acts 1:5 Jesus says they will Baptized not many days from now. Which would seem to indicate that the Baptism of the Holy Ghost is what took place on Pentacost in Acts 2. There is no real room for the interpretation of what is meant by Tongues on that day because within just a few verses it names some of the tongues/languages that were being spoken. If the baptism in Acts 2 and the Baptism here are the same thing, then how would there be another Baptism which would give you the gift of tongues as a prayer language as opposed to what took place in Acts 2?

(Mat 3:16) And having been baptized, Jesus went up immediately from the water. And look! The heavens were opened to Him, and he [i.e. John] saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming upon Him. (Mar 1:10) And immediately coming up from the water, he [i.e. John] saw the heavens being parted and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him. (Luk 3:22) and the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came out of heaven saying, “_You_ are My Son-the Beloved-in You I am well-pleased!” (Joh 1:32) And John testified, saying, “I have seen the Spirit coming down as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him.

There are four separate accounts of this particular incident none of which mention any kind of tongues being spoke of, why? I can see that maybe the Spirit wasn’t available to men because Jesus hadn’t given him up yet, but if Jesus is our example, then why didn’t he speak in or talk about speaking in tongues to be used as a prayer language? Or if tongues was to be the outward evidence of Baptism of the Holy Spirit, why didn’t he speak in tongues? Of course, I can concede that maybe it was because he was Jesus and Jesus was special in some ways.

(Mat 4:1) Then Jesus was led up into the wilderness by the Spirit to be tempted by the Devil [“Slanderer”]. (Mar 1:12) Then immediately the Spirit drives Him out into the wilderness. (Luk 4:1) Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan [River] and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

Jesus – Full of the Spirit – led into wilderness

(Mat 6:6-7) “But when you* are praying, enter into your private room, and having shut your door, pray to your Father, the [One] in secret, and your Father, the [One] seeing in secret, will reward you in the open. 7) “Now when you pray, do not use vain repetitions [or, many meaningless words] like the Gentiles, for they suppose that they will be heard by their many words.

Jesus is speaking about prayer here. He specifically indicates vain repetitions. The original Greek word here means: to stammer, to repeat the same things over and over, to use many idle words, to babble, prate. He also says: Mat 6:8 “Therefore, you* shall not be like them, for your* Father knows what [things] you* have need of before you ask Him. So God already knows what we have need for before we ask, so why would we need another language to pray in? In the next few verses, Jesus goes on to tell us how to pray (in what is now known as The Lord’s Prayer) and nowhere does he talk about if you don’t know what to pray for, pray in the Spirit in your prayer language. Why not?

(Mat 10:19-20) “But whenever they are handing you* over, you* shall not be anxious how or what you* should speak, for it shall be given to you* in that hour what you* will speak; 20) for _you*_ are not the ones speaking, _but_ the Spirit of your* Father [is] the One speaking in you*. (Mar 13:11) “But when they lead you* away, handing [you] over, stop worrying beforehand what you* shall speak, neither be thinking about [it]; _but_ whatever shall be given to you* in that hour, this you* are to be speaking, for it is not you* speaking, _but_ the Holy Spirit. (Luk 12:11-12) “Now when they shall be bringing you* before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, stop being anxious how or what you* are to speak in your* defense, or what you* should say. 12) “For the Holy Spirit will teach you* in that very hour what it is necessary to say.”

Here Jesus tells the disciples that the Spirit will speak for them. When the Spirit speaks for them, it is the Father speaking in them. Also, the Spirit will speak before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities so these are all languages understood by not only other people, but non-believers. If God is the one speaking through the Spirit, then why would we need to have a prayer language? Prayer language has been described to me as the Spirit praying for things that we don’t know or understand. But in Mathew 6 God knows before we ask, so why would the Spirit need to tell him anything. And if the Spirit is able to speak in a way that we can understand, why wouldn’t he so that we could understand, because it seems obvious that there really isn’t a reason for us to not understand since God is the originator in the first place?

Disciples – Spirit – speaking

(Mat 12:18) “‘Look! My servant whom I chose; My Beloved in whom My soul is well-pleased. I will put My Spirit upon Him, and He will proclaim judgment to the nations.

Spirit upon Jesus – proclaiming judgment

(Mat 22:43) He says to them, “How then does David in [or, by] the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying, (Mar 12:36) “For David himself said by [the] Holy Spirit, ‘The LORD says to my Lord, “Be sitting at My right hand until I put Your enemies [as] Your footstool for Your feet.”‘ [Psalm 110:1]

Spirit in David – says

(Mar 3:29) But whoever shall blaspheme in regard to [or, against] the Holy Spirit does not have forgiveness into the age [fig., forever], _but_ is in danger of eternal judgment [or, punishment]“-

Mar 16:16-18 “The one having believed and having been baptized will be saved, but the one refusing to believe will be condemned. (17) “Now these signs will accompany the ones believing: they will cast out demons in My name; they will speak with new tongues [fig., languages]; (18) they will take up serpents, and if they drink anything poisonous, it shall not harm them; they will lay hands on infirm [or, sickly] [people] and they will be well.”

So the ones believing were baptized. This verse specifically says that the ones believing and therefore being baptized will cast out demons, speak with new tongues, take up serpents, drink poison, heal the sick. Is this water baptism or Spirit baptism? Jesus says that John baptized by water, I baptize by Spirit … so wouldn’t this mean Spirit baptism? If so, why do we choose just one of these signs as evidence and not the others? How would this indicate a prayer language as opposed to the tongues which happened on Pentecost?

Baptized – cast out demons; speak new tongues; serpents; poison; healing

Luk 1:15-17 “For he will be great before {the} Lord, and he shall by no means drink wine and strong drink, and he will be filled [with the] Holy Spirit even from his mother’s womb. (16) “And he will turn many of the sons [and daughters] of Israel to the Lord their God. (17) “And _he_ will go before Him in [the] spirit and power of Elijah, to turn hearts [fig., inner selves, and throughout book] of fathers to children, and disobedient [ones] to the way of thinking of righteous [ones], to make ready a people having been prepared for the Lord.”

John was filled with the Holy Spirit from the womb but it is never recorded that he spoke in any manner that was not understood. Why?

Filled – turn many … to the Lord; turn hearts of fathers to children; disobedient to righteous; make ready people … prepared for the Lord.

(Luk 1:35) And answering, the angel said to her, “[The] Holy Spirit will come upon you, and [the] power of the Most High will overshadow you, and so the Holy One being born will be called God’s Son.

Come upon – Mary – pregnant

Luk 1:41-45 And it happened, when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leapt for joy in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with [the] Holy Spirit. (42) And she exclaimed with a loud voice, and said, “_You_ have been blessed among women, and the fruit of your womb has been blessed! (43) “And why [has] this [happened] to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? (44) “For listen! When the voice of your greeting came into my ears, the baby in my womb leapt for joy with great happiness! (45) “And happy [or, blessed, and throughout book] [is] the one having believed, for [there] will be a fulfillment to the [things] having been spoken to her from the Lord.”

Filled – Elizabeth – spoke

(Luk 1:67) And Zacharias his father was filled with [the] Holy Spirit and prophesied, saying,

filled – Zacharias – prophesied

(Luk 2:25-27) And look! There was a man in Jerusalem whose name [was] Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for [or, expecting] the comforting help of Israel, and [the] Holy Spirit was upon him. 26) And it had been divinely told him by the Holy Spirit [that he would] not see death before he saw the Christ [“the Anointed One”] of [the] Lord. 27) And he came by the Spirit to the temple, and the parents brought in the young Child Jesus, [for] them to do according to the custom of the Law concerning Him.

Upon – Jesus – Spirit divinely spoke to him – led

(Luk 2:40) And the young Child was growing and was being strengthened in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon Him.

(Luk 4:18) [The] Spirit of [the] LORD [is] upon Me, on account of which He anointed Me to proclaim the Gospel to poor [ones]; He has sent Me to heal the ones having been broken [in] heart [fig., who have become despondent within themselves], to proclaim deliverance to captives and recovery of sight to blind [ones], to send away [ones] having been oppressed with deliverance,

Upon Jesus – proclaim; heal; deliverance

(Luk 10:21) In that hour Jesus was very glad in the Spirit [or, in His spirit] and said, “I praise You, Father, Lord of heaven and of the earth, that You hid these [things] from wise and intelligent [people] and revealed them to young children. Yes, Father, because in this way it became well-pleasing before You.”

(Joh 3:5) Jesus answered, “Most positively, I say to you, unless someone is born from water and Spirit, he is not able to enter into the kingdom of God.

(Joh 3:6) The [thing] having been born from the flesh is flesh, and the [thing] having been born from the Spirit is spirit.

(Joh 3:8) “The Spirit breathes where He desires, and you hear His voice, _but_ you do not know from where He comes and where He goes. In this manner [or, Like this] is every [one] having been born from the Spirit.”

(Joh 3:34) “For [He] whom God sent speaks the sayings of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure.

Jesus speaks – full Spirit

(Joh 4:23) “_But_ an hour is coming and now is when the true worshipers will prostrate themselves in worship before the Father in spirit and truth, for indeed the Father is seeking such to be prostrating themselves in worship before Him.

Commentators say that the word spirit here is like saying, mind, body, and soul. Worships with everything, not just faking it, not with just empty words.

(Joh 6:63) “The Spirit is the One giving life; the flesh does not accomplish [or, benefit] anything. The words which _I_ have spoken to you* are spirit and are life!

Without the Spirit there would be no life. The Gospel being spoke was giving life.

(Joh 7:17) “If anyone is willing to be doing His will, he will know concerning such teaching, whether it is from God or [whether] _I_ speak from Myself.

(Joh 7:39) But this He said concerning the Spirit, which the ones believing in Him were about to be receiving, for the Holy Spirit was not yet [given], because Jesus was not yet glorified.

(Joh 8:28) Then Jesus said to them, “When you* lift up the Son of Humanity then you* will know that _I_ am, and from Myself I do nothing, _but_ just as My Father taught Me, these things I speak.

(Joh 12:49) “Because _I_ spoke not from Myself, _but_ the Father having sent Me, He gave Me a command what I should say and what I should speak.

(Joh 14:10) “Do you not believe [or, Are you not convinced] that I [am] in the Father and the Father is in Me? The sayings which _I_ speak to you*, I do not speak from Myself, but the Father abiding in Me, Himself does the works.

(Joh 14:17) “The Spirit of the truth, whom the world is not able to receive, because it does not look upon [or, watch [for]] Him, nor knows Him. But you* know Him, because He dwells with you* and will be in you.*

(Joh 14:26) “But the Counselor [or, Helper], the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, that One will teach you* all [things] and will cause you* to remember all [things] which I said to you*.

It is interesting that here Jesus says that the Holy Spirit will “cause you to remember all which I said to you,” and later as you see people speaking, they have a boldness as if they know what they know. Many times it even notes that they were speaking accurately the things …

(Joh 15:26) “But when the Counselor [or, Helper] comes, whom _I_ will send to you* from the Father, the Spirit of the truth, who proceeds from the Father, that One will testify concerning Me.

(Joh 16:13) “But when that One shall come-the Spirit of the truth-He will guide you* into all the truth. For He will not speak from Himself, _but_ as many things as He hears He will speak, and He will announce to you* the coming [things].

If I understand prayer language right, it is the Spirit praying and speaking to God, but if I do understand it right, then how does it make sense? Jesus says that the Spirit will not speak from Himself, but as HEARS he will SPEAK, so how does the concept of a prayer language even make sense?

Joh 20:22-23 And having said this, He breathed on [them] and says to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. (23) “If any of you* forgive their sins, they have been forgiven to them; if any of you* retain [their sins], they have been retained.”

Jesus gave them the Spirit and yet there is no mention of any immediate signs. Nothing until Pentacost. This is not the only time recorded that the Spirit came upon/filled someone and no immediate outward sign was mentioned.

Received the Holy Spirit – Disciples – ?

(Act 1:2) until the day [in] which He was taken up [into heaven], having commanded by [the] Holy Spirit the apostles whom He chose,

(Act 1:5) because John indeed baptized [or, immersed, and throughout book] in [or, with] water, but you* will be baptized in [or, with] [the] Holy Spirit after not many [of] these days [fig., in a few days].” [Matt 3:11]

(Act 1:8) _but_ you* will receive power, the Holy Spirit having come upon you*, and you* will be witnesses to Me both in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and as far as [the] end of the earth.”

Here Jesus does not use the word baptize, but he does say that the Spirit will come upon you and you will receive power. It seems that the power will enable them to be witnesses to Jesus, could be in tongues as a language previously unknown to the speaker, that would make sense.

Come upon – disciples – be witnesses

(Act 2:3) And [there] appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and [one] sat on each one of them. 4) And they were all filled of [or, with] [the] Holy Spirit, and they began to be speaking with different tongues [fig., foreign languages], just as the Spirit was giving them to be declaring boldly.

This does not use the word baptize, but it does say they were filled of the Holy Spirit. This must be the fulfilling of Acts 1:5.

Filled – tongues/languages – declaring boldly (in just a few verses these tongues/languages will be named)

(Act 2:11) Cretes and Arabians, we are hearing them speaking in our tongues [fig., languages] the marvelous [deeds] of God!”

One example of the tongues/languages being spoken in verse 4.

Act 2:14 But Peter having stood up with the eleven, lifted up his voice and declared boldly to them, “Men, Jews, and all the ones dwelling in Jerusalem, let this be known to you*, and listen carefully to my words. 15 “For these are not drinking, as you* suppose, for it is the third hour of the day [i.e. 9:00 a.m.]. 16 “_But_ this is the [thing] having been spoken by the prophet Joel: 17) ‘And it will be in the last days, says God, [that] I will pour out of My Spirit upon all flesh [fig., all of humanity]; and your* sons and your* daughters will prophesy, and your* young men will see visions, and your* old men will dream dreams. 18) ‘And even upon My slave-men and upon My slave-women, in those days I will pour out of My Spirit, and they shall prophesy. 18 ‘And even upon My slave-men and upon My slave-women, in those days I will pour out of My Spirit, and they shall prophesy.

God says – pour out Spirit – prophesy, visions, dreams

We also can’t miss that part of the Holy Spirit filling was Peter lifting “up his voice” and declaring “boldly.” Prior to this Peter coward and even denied Jesus.

(Act 2:33) “Therefore, having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, He poured out this which you* now see and hear.

The promised offered by Jesus in Acts 1? If so, this would indicated that this was probably a baptism of the Spirit and the evidence was speaking in tongues/languages.

Poured out – tongues of fire, speaking in tongues/languages defined in verses like 11.

(Act 2:38) Then Peter was saying to them, “Repent, and let each of you* be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, to [or, for; or, because of] [the] forgiveness of sins, and you* will receive the free gift of the Holy Spirit.

Only requirement listed here for receiving the Spirit is repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ (as opposed to the baptism that John did).

It says in (Act 2:41) “So then, the ones having gladly received his word were baptized, and about three thousand souls were added on that day.” Yet it doesn’t mention any of the specific signs that were evidenced of receiving the Spirit.

Because of this I can see where Baptism of the Holy Spirit could be considered as different than being the initial point of being saved. But I see that the filling of the Holy Spirit can be a continual things. So I am not sure that I see the Baptism of the Holy Spirit as a one time event either.

(Act 4:8) Then Peter, having been filled with [the] Holy Spirit, said to them: “Rulers of the people and elders of Israel,

filled – Peter – speaking

(Act 4:31) And when they had implored [God in prayer], the place was shaken in which they had been gathered together; and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they were speaking the word of God with confidence.

Filled – speaking with confidence/boldness

Speaking with confidence, could this be because as Jesus said in Joh 14:26 the Spirit is helping them to remember what Jesus said?

(Act 7:55) But being full of [the] Holy Spirit, having looked intently into heaven, he saw [the] glory of God, and Jesus having stood at [the] right hand of God.

Full – saw into heaven/vision

Act 8:14-17 Now the apostles in Jerusalem having heard that Samaria had received the word of God sent Peter and John to them, (15) who, having come down, prayed concerning them in order that they shall receive [the] Holy Spirit (16) for He had not yet fallen upon any of them, but they had only been baptized in the name of Christ Jesus. (17) Then they began laying hands on them, and they were receiving the Holy Spirit.

I have heard many people talk about laying hands on people to receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Along with this is the expectation of speaking in tongues afterward. Is this one of the scriptures that they are using? Why is this something different than the previous people? And when people do this, they are expecting to receive the gift of tongues which afterwards is referred to as a prayer language, not the gift of tongues that is mentioned as one of the gifts. How do they get to a prayer language from this?

Received, fallen upon – ?

(Act 8:39) Now when they came up out of the water, [the] Spirit of the Lord caught Philip up, and the eunuch no longer saw him, for he began going his way rejoicing.

Act 9:17-20 And Ananias went away and entered into the house; and having laid his hands on him, he said, “Saul, brother, the Lord, the One appearing to you on the road in which you were coming, has sent me in order that you shall regain [your] sight and shall be filled with [the] Holy Spirit.” (18) And immediately [there] fell off from his eyes [something] like scales, and {at once} he regained [his] sight! And having gotten up, he was baptized. (19) And having received food, he was strengthened. Then Saul was with the disciples in Damascus several days. (20) And immediately in the synagogues he began preaching the Christ, that this One is the Son of God.

It doesn’t mention what signs or gifts, if any, Paul received at this time. I know that many refer to his speaking on tongues later, but he also speaks of prophesying and many other gifts. Why choose just tongues? Since most of the times the Scripture is so explicit, especially Luke who is writing this, why wouldn’t he mention speaking in tongues if it was intended to be the outward evidence of being baptized/filled by the Holy Spirit?

Filled – Paul – healed – preaching

(Act 9:31) Then indeed the assemblies throughout the whole of Judea and Galilee and Samaria were having peace, being edified; and going on [or, living] in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, they were being multiplied.

(Act 10:19) Now as Peter [was] pondering about the vision, the Spirit said to him, “Listen! Men are seeking you.

(Act 10:38) Jesus who [is] from Nazareth-how God anointed Him with the [the] Holy Spirit and power, who went about doing good and healing all the ones being oppressed by the Devil, because God was with Him.

Anointed – doing good, healing (deliverance)

Act 10:44-48 While Peter [was] still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all the ones hearing the word. (45) And the believing ones from the circumcision were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because the free gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also. (46) For they were hearing them speaking with tongues [fig., other languages] and magnifying God. Then Peter answered, (47) “Surely no one is able to forbid the water, can he, [for] these not to be baptized who received the Holy Spirit just as we also [did]?” (48) And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then they urgently asked him to stay several days.

It says that they were hearing them speaking with tongues AND magnifying God. First, if they were speaking in a language unknown to men, how would the others have known they were magnifying God? Second, it says that they received just as the disciples did at Pentecost, wouldn’t this indicated that these languages would have been known human languages just like before?

It doesn’t appear as though these Gentiles had been baptized yet but the Holy Spirit fell upon them.

Fell upon / poured out – Gentiles – tongues – magnifying (to make (or declare) great, that is, increase) God

(Act 11:15) “Now when I began to be speaking, the Holy Spirit fell on them, even as [He] also [did] on us in [the] beginning. 16) “Then I remembered the word of the Lord, how He used to say, ‘John indeed baptized in [or, with] water, but _you*_ will be baptized in [or, with] the Holy Spirit.’ [Acts 1:5] 17 “Since then God gave the same free gift to them as also to us, having believed on [or, trusted in] the Lord Jesus Christ, now who was _I_ [to be] able to forbid God?” 18 So having heard these [things], they were silent, and they began glorifying God, saying, “In that case, God also gave to the Gentiles repentance to life!”

This clearly links baptized and fell on as being the same thing. It says even as he also did on us, which would seem to indicate that it was the same here as at Pentecost.

Also, it says “gave the same free gift to them as also to us …” So going back to the free gift verse of Acts 2:38, wouldn’t this indicate that there is only one kind of baptism of the Spirit, not two separate kinds? What I mean by this is that I have heard people say that there is a second filling of the Spirit and that is what people pray for which they expect to receive a prayer language from. It seems to me that the scriptures do indicate that the filling of the Holy Spirit can be a continual thing, or maybe even a measurable thing. Kind of like people say it isn’t about how much of the Spirit you have, it’s how much of you does the Spirit have? So when we are saved, we would receive the Holy Spirit and as we grow the amount of us the Spirit has increases which would allow for more outward signs of his filling. Not necessarily a second filling separate from the filling at salvation.

fell / baptized (same as Pentecost?) – Remembered (Joh 14:26)

(Act 11:24) because he was a good man and full of [the] Holy Spirit and of faith. And a considerable crowd was added to the Lord.

(Act 11:28) Then one of them, by name Agabus, having stood up, signified [or, foretold] by the Spirit [of] a great famine being to happen over all the inhabited earth-which also [or, then] occurred during [the reign of] Claudius Caesar.

Since it was foretold by the Spirit – Agabus must have been Spirit filled? – prophesied

Act 13:9-12 But Saul (the [one] also [called] Paul), having been filled of [or, with] [the] Holy Spirit and having looked intently on him, (10) said, “O [one] full of all deceit and all lack of principles, son of [the] Devil, enemy of all righteousness, you will not cease distorting the straight way of the Lord, will you? (11) “And now, listen! [The] hand of [the] Lord [is] on you, and you shall be blind, not seeing the sun until a season [has passed].” Then immediately a mist and darkness fell on him, and going [fig., groping] about, he was seeking ones who would lead [him] by the hand. (12) Then the governor of the providence having seen the [thing] having taken place, believed, being astonished at the teaching of the Lord.

filled – Saul – cursed someone?

Act 13:52 Now the disciples were being filled of [or, with] joy and [the] Holy Spirit.

Act 14:1 Now it happened in Iconium [that] they entered by the same [way] into the synagogue of the Jews, and they spoke in such a manner [that] a large number of both Jews and Greeks believed.

Filled – Disciples – with joy AND the Spirit – Spake

Act 15:7 Now much debate having taken place, having risen up, Peter said to them, “Men, brothers, _you*_ know that from former days God chose among us [for] the Gentiles to hear the word of the Gospel through my mouth and to believe. 8) “And the heart-knowing God testified to them by having given the Holy Spirit to them, just as also to us, 9) and also distinguished nothing between us and them, having purified [or, purged] their hearts by faith.

Peter it seems is referring back to Acts 2 when they began to speak in tongues (foreign languages listed) and speak boldly. And Acts 10 when the Gentiles began speaking in tongues AND magnifying God.

(Act 18:5) Now when both Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Paul was held completely by the Spirit, solemnly testifying to the Jews [that] Jesus [is] the Christ. 6) But when they set themselves in opposition against [him] and [were] blaspheming, having shaken [the dust] off [of his] clothes, he said to them, “Your* blood [be] on your* head! _I_ am clean. From now [on] I will go to the Gentiles!” (7) And having departed from there, he went to [the] house of a certain [man] by name Justus, worshiping God, whose house was being next door to the synagogue. (8) Then Crispus the synagogue leader believed in the Lord together with his whole house, and many of the Corinthians, hearing, were believing and were being baptized.

Held completely – Paul – testifying

It says that they “were believing and were being baptized,” yet it doesn’t seem to mention any outward signs proving that Crispus and his house and the Corinthians, had received the Holy Spirit?

(Act 18:25) This [man] had been instructed [in] the way of the Lord, and boiling [fig., being fervent] in his spirit [or, in the Spirit], he was speaking and teaching accurately the [things] concerning the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. 26 And this [man] began to be speaking boldly in the synagogue. But Aquila and Priscilla having heard of him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately.

In the Spirit – speaking and teaching accurately (Joh 14:26?) / speaking boldly

(Act 19:2) he said to them, “Did you* receive [the] Holy Spirit, having believed?” But they said to him, “_But_ we did not even hear whether there is a Holy Spirit.” 3 And he said to them, “Into what then were you* baptized?” So they said, “Into John’s baptism.” (4) Then Paul said, “John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe in the One coming after him, that is, in the Christ-Jesus!” (5) So they having heard were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6) And Paul having laid [his] hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they began speaking with tongues [fig., other languages] and prophesying. 7 Now [there] were [in] all about twelve men. 8 Now having gone into the synagogue, he kept speaking boldly, for three months reasoning and persuading the [things] concerning the kingdom of God.

Came upon – speaking in tongues AND prophesying / Paul kept speaking boldly

(Act 28:25) So being in disagreement with one another, they began leaving, Paul having spoken one [parting] word, “The Holy Spirit spoke rightly through Isaiah the prophet to our fathers,

(Rom 6:19) I speak in human terms, because of the weakness of your* flesh, for even as you* presented your* body parts [as] slaves to impurity [or, immorality] and to lawlessness [resulting] in [more] lawlessness, so now present your* members [or, body parts] [as] slaves to righteousness [resulting] in sanctification.

(Rom 8:23) But not only [this], _but_ even ourselves, having the first-fruit of the Spirit, _we_ also ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly awaiting adoption-the redemption of our body!

First-Fruit(s) means – beginning of sacrifice. It appears as plural in most translations, not singular as in this translation. It is also translated as plural when it appears in other scriptures.

Spirit – groaning within

(Rom 8:26) So in the same manner also, the Spirit helps our weaknesses; for what we will pray for, as it is necessary [for us], we do not know, _but_ the Spirit Himself makes intercession on our behalf with inexpressible groanings. 27) Now the One searching the hearts knows what [is] the mind-set of the Spirit, because according to God He intercedes on behalf of [the] holy ones.

groanings – sigh (also used in Act 7:33-34 “Then the LORD said to him, ‘Untie the sandal[s] from your feet, for the place on which you have stood is holy ground. (34) ‘Having seen I saw [fig., I have certainly seen] the oppression of My people, the [ones] in Egypt, and I heard their groaning, and I came down to deliver them. And now come, I will send you to Egypt.’ [Exod 3:5,7,8,10])

inexpressible – unspeakable: – unutterable, which cannot be uttered, not expressed in words

This is another scripture that I have had people reference when speaking of a prayer language. Why does the language that I hear people speaking have tangible consonants and vowels if here it speaks of groans that can not be expressed in words, in fact would be sighs?

Why does this verse say that “the One searching the hearts knows what is the mind-set of the Spirit?”, if we feel the need to express them in a language given voice with our mouths? If the One knows the mind-set of the Spirit, why does there need to be any audible sounds?

When using a prayer language, how do we compare this scripture with Matthew 10:19?

Hannah prayed like this in 1Sa 1:12 As she continued praying before the LORD, Eli observed her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, and her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli took her to be a drunken woman. 14 And Eli said to her, “How long will you go on being drunk? Put your wine away from you.” It says, “her voice was not heard.”

Exo 2:23-25 And it came to pass in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. (24) And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. (25) And God saw the children of Israel, and God took knowledge of them.

(1Co 2:12) But _we_ did not receive the spirit of the world, _but_ the Spirit, the [One] from God, so that we should know the [things] having been graciously given to us by God; 13) which [things] also we speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, _but_ in [words] taught by the Holy Spirit, interpreting spiritual [things] by spiritual [words] [or, combining spiritual [ideas] with spiritual [words]]. 14) But a natural [or, unspiritual] person does not receive the [things] of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he is not able to know [them], because they are spiritually examined.

If we read this in context with 1Co 2:3-5 “And _I_ was with you* in weakness and in fear and in much trembling. (4) And my word [or, message] and my proclamation [were] not in persuasive words of human wisdom, _but_ in demonstration of [the] Spirit and of power, (5) so that your* faith should not be in [the] wisdom of people, _but_ in the power of God!” Wouldn’t all this mean that we don’t teach what we know but what we know through the Spirit? And that those who are not born again can not understand those things because it is understood by our Spirit not our flesh? How does this indicate a prayer language?

(1Co 12:3) For this reason, I make known to you* that no one speaking by [the] Spirit of God, says “Jesus [is] accursed” [Gr., anathema], and no one is able to say “Jesus [is] Lord,” except by [the] Holy Spirit. 4) Now [there] are varieties of spiritual [gifts], but the same Spirit.

Speaking by the Spirit – in most commentaries, they interpret this as meaning “under the influence of inspiration.” Didn’t Jesus reference this? He said that (Mat 10:19-20) the Spirit would tell them what to say. How would this indicate a prayer language? Especially something that no one can understand?

Throughout 1 Corinthian 12, Paul is speaking of a variety of spiritual gifts as he clearly states here. How did the prayer language get read into chapter 12?

(1Co 12:7) But to each [one] has been given the manifestation of the Spirit for the advantage [of all] [or, for the common good]. 8) For to one has been given a word of wisdom by the Spirit, but to another a word of knowledge according to the same Spirit, 9) but to a different [one] faith by the same Spirit, but to another spiritual gifts of healings by the same Spirit, 10) but to another divine workings of miraculous works, but to another prophecy, but to another discernment of spirits, but to a different [one] [various] kinds of tongues [fig., languages, and throughout epistle], but to another interpretation [or, translation] of tongues. 11) But the one and the same Spirit supernaturally works all these [things], distributing to each just as He intends.

Clearly shows that there are a variety of gifts given by the Holy Spirit, received by each as He intends. Which means that not everyone will receive the same gifts. It clearly states that each has been given for the advantage of all. So who can tongues be singled out as the outward evidence gift? Just another observation, why are we so ready to accept someone’s speaking in tongues, that no one seems to understand, as an outward sign as opposed to prophesy. The scriptures say that a prophet will be 100% correct all the time, wouldn’t this be a better gift to use as an outward sign? Or what about healing, you know if someone is healed or not. There is no proof to whether someone is faking tongues or not, doesn’t seem like a reliable sign to me.

(1Co 12:13) For also by one Spirit _we_ all were baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free persons, and we were all given to drink into one Spirit.

(1Co 12:30) All do not have spiritual gifts of healings, do they? All do not speak in tongues, do they? All do not interpret [or, translate], do they?

(1Co 13:1) If I speak with the tongues of people and of angels, but I do not have love, I have become [as] brass sounding or a cymbal tinkling.

This is another scripture I have heard people reference in regard to a prayer language, but why would we need to speak through the Spirit to the angels? Angels can obviously understand our own language as they have spoke to people using it. Why would this indicate a prayer language at all?

(1Co 13:8) Love never fails. But if [there be] prophecies, they will become useless; if tongues, they will cease by themselves; if knowledge, it will become useless.

Doesn’t everything come to an end at some point? Someday we will be with God, we won’t need any of these gifts then. I don’t see where this would indicated that any of the gifts would be dead at this time.

(1Co 14:2) For the one speaking in a tongue does not speak to people _but_ to God, for no one understands [him], but in [his] spirit [or, by [the] Spirit] he speaks secrets [or, mysteries]. 1Co 3 But the one prophesying to people speaks edification and exhortation [or, encouragement] and comfort. 4) The one speaking in a tongue edifies himself, but the one prophesying edifies [the] assembly 5) Now I want you* all to be speaking with tongues, but more that you* shall be prophesying. For the one prophesying [is] greater than the one speaking with tongues, unless he interprets [or, translates], so that the assembly receives edification. 6) But now, brothers [and sisters], if I come to you* speaking with tongues, what will I benefit you*, unless I speak to you* either with a revelation or with knowledge or with prophesy or with teaching?

This is the chapter most often reference in regards to a prayer language. Yet, verse 14:1 clearly says “Be pursuing love, yet be seeking earnestly the spiritual [gifts], but rather that you* shall be prophesying.” So why are so many people praying for the gift of tongues, meaning a prayer language? Why do people reference speaking in tongues as the evidence of the Spirit Baptism? It seems clear to me that he began talking about the Spiritual gifts in chapter 12, said he would show a more excellent way, talks about that more excellent way in chapter 13, and returns to speaking of the Spiritual gifts in 14. It might be better to read right out of 12 into 14 to stay on the same subject.

How do we skip over verse 1? The word gift isn’t even in the original Greek text, but most people don’t know this, but even if it were, it would clearly point to the gifts listed previously, not a new special prayer language, wouldn’t it?

In verse 5 Paul says he wished that all spoke in tongues, but more so that they should prophesy, so why don’t we pray for this to happen instead of receiving a prayer language? If tongues was meant as the evidence gift, then why would he wish more that they would prophesy? Of course, it makes sense to me, it would be better proof.

Verse 6 shows how useless tongues can be, although I don’t believe it is totally useless, just that here Paul seems to indicate that it is not any better than any of the other gifts. So why do we put so much emphases on tongues of any kind (foreign languages or a prayer language)?

(1Co 14:9) In the same way, you* also, if you* do not give intelligible speech by means of the tongue, how will the [thing] spoken be known? For you* will be speaking into air.

Isn’t he saying that tongues is useless unless someone can understand it? It is like speaking into the air? How do we pick up the part above about speaking to God and miss this part about speaking into the air?

(1Co 14:13) For this very reason, the one speaking in a tongue, let him be praying that he shall be interpreting [or, translating]. 14) For if I am praying in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind [or, understanding] is unfruitful. 15) What then is it? I will pray with the spirit, but I will also pray with the mind [or, understanding]; I will sing praises with the spirit, but I will also sing praises with the mind [or, understanding]. 16) Otherwise, if you bless with the spirit, how will the one occupying the place of the unlearned say the “So be it!” at your giving of thanks, since he does not know [or, understand] what you are saying?

How do we skip over verse 15 where it says What then is it? Which means what should we do? Doesn’t he clearly says that we should pray with the Spirit and also with the mind so that we can understand? Sing praises with the Spirit and also with the mind so that we can mean it?

How do we over look verse 16 where it says how can someone else in the room say amen to what you have just said in the Spirit if they didn’t understand it? Isn’t that why we need to have an interpreter when speaking in a language that can’t be understood by all? How does someone that prays in the Spirit over someone interpret this verse? Why do so many people feel free to pray in tongues over someone without interpreting what was said? I do believe that the same person and use tongues (not a prayer language by the tongues listed as one of the gifts) and interpret as well, so I don’t think that someone else has to be there. It is much more comfortable though is someone else interprets otherwise we could be being mislead, but if we have the Spirit in us, I would think he would let us know if that was happening.

(1Co 14:18) I give thanks to my God [that] I speak in tongues more than all of you*. 19) _But_ in an assembly I desire to speak five words by means of my understanding, so that I shall also instruct others, rather than countless [or, ten thousand] words in a tongue.

This is the verse that is used to prove that Paul received the gift of tongues when he was baptized by the Holy Spirit. If it is the evidence of the Baptism/filling, then why wasn’t it mentioned at that time? How did this go from being the gift of tongues as listed in the gifts to being a prayer language? Doesn’t he state that he would rather speak words that he understands than instruct others in words that he doesn’t? Why would he want that if tongues is to be the evidence of the baptism?

(1Co 14:21) In the Law it has been written, “By ones speaking different tongues and by different lips [fig., speech] I will speak to this people, and not even in this manner will they hear Me,” says the Lord. [Isaiah 28:11,12; Deut 28:49] 22) So then tongues are for a sign, not to the ones believing _but_ to the unbelieving ones, but prophesy [is] not for the unbelieving ones _but_ for the ones believing. 23) Therefore, if the whole assembly comes together to the same [place] and all are speaking in tongues, and unlearned [ones] or unbelievers comes in, they will say that you* are raving mad, will they not?

So here he states that tongues is a sign for the unbelieving, so why would we use tongues/prayer language when praying over believers? It doesn’t even make sense that tongues would be a prayer language that you would use over an unbeliever either. Unless it was the tongues received in Acts 2, then it would make sense because you might need it to speak to someone who speaks a different language than you do.

(1Co 14:26) What then is it, brothers [and sisters]? Whenever you* shall be coming together, each [one] of you* has a psalm, has a teaching, has a tongue, has a revelation, has an interpretation [or, a translation]. Be letting all [things] be for building up [or, edification]. 27) If anyone speaks in a tongue, [let it be] by two or [at] the most by three, and [each] in turn, and let one be interpreting [or, translating]. 28) But if [there] is not an interpreter [or, translator], let him keep silent in an assembly, but let him speak to himself and to God.

When someone starts speaking in tongues over a microphone, how do they interpret this verse? If we have to use audible words, why would Paul tell us to keep silent and speak to himself and God?

(1Co 14:39) Accordingly brothers [and sisters], be earnestly desiring to be prophesying; and stop forbidding [or, preventing] to be speaking in tongues.

Here he points out that they should be earnestly desiring to prophesy, but not forbid speaking in tongues, based on the above scriptures, when there are interpreters present. But what is speaking in tongues, is it speaking in a foreign language as appears on the day of Pentecost, or a different prayer language for use when we don’t know what to pray? I still have to ask, where did the prayer language tongues come from?

(2Co 11:4) For if indeed the one coming [to you*] preaches another Jesus whom we did not preach, or you* receive a different Spirit which you* did not receive, or a different gospel which you did not accept, you* may well put up [with it]!

(2Co 12:4) that he was caught away to the paradise, and heard unutterable sayings, that it is not possible for man to speak.

This is not the same Greek word used earlier. It means unsaid, that is, (by implication) inexpressible

(Gal 3:5) Therefore, the One supplying the Spirit to you* and supernaturally working miraculous powers [or, miracles] among you*, [is He doing so] by works of [the] Law or by hearing with faith?

Supplying the Spirit – working miraculous powers

(Eph 2:18) Because by means of Him we both have the access [or, privilege to enter] by one Spirit to the Father.

(Eph 3:5) which in different generations was not disclosed to the sons [and daughters] of people, as it was now revealed to His holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit,

(Eph 3:16) so that He shall grant to you*, according to the riches [fig., abundance] of His glory, to be strengthened with power by means of His Spirit in the inner being,

(Eph 4:3) being eager [or, diligent] to be keeping the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace: 4) one body and one Spirit, just as also you* were called in one hope [or, confident expectation] of your* calling;

Eph 6:17 and to receive [or, take] ‘the helmet of salvation,’ and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, [Isaiah 59:17; Isaiah 11:4 (LXX); Isaiah 49:2; Hos. 6:5] 18) through all prayer and petition praying in every season in [the] Spirit, and with respect to this same [thing] [or, to this same [end]], be staying alert in all perseverance and supplication for all the holy ones, 19 and on my behalf, so that to me shall be given a word [or, speech] in [the] opening of my mouth, in boldness [or, confidence], to declare the secret of the Gospel, 20) for the sake of which I serve as an ambassador [or, a representative] [bound] in a chain, so that in it I should speak boldly, as it is necessary [for] me to speak.

This is another scripture I have heard in regards to a prayer language, yet not as often as the others. Based on all the other scriptures referring to what the Spirit does for us, wouldn’t this mean that we would allow the Spirit to let us know the Word of God so that we can know what is in His Will? The word prayer here means worship as well. Or could we reference when Jesus as the disciples to pray and he told them that their spirit was willing but the flesh is weak? Maybe sometimes we just don’t have the strength to pray and at that time we need to rely on the willing Spirit to do it?

Spirit – speaking boldly.

(1Th 1:5) Because our Gospel did not come to you* in word only, _but_ also in power and in [the] Holy Spirit and in much assurance [or, with full conviction], even as you* know of what sort we became among you* for your* sake.

(1Th 5:19) Stop extinguishing [fig., stifling] the Spirit.

(1Ti 3:16) And confessedly, great is the secret [or, mystery] of godliness: God was revealed in flesh, justified [or, shown to be righteous] in spirit [or, by [the] Spirit], seen by angels, preached among [the] nations [or, Gentiles], believed on in [the] world, taken up in glory!

(Tit 3:5) (not by means of works, the [ones] in righteousness which we did, _but_ according to His mercy), He saved us, through a bathing of regeneration and a renewing of [the] Holy Spirit,

(Heb 2:4) God adding further testimony both with signs and wonders and with various miraculous powers and distributions [fig., gifts] of [the] Holy Spirit, according to His will.

This again shows that there are various miraculous powers and distributions of the Holy Spirit. I am curious, why isn’t prayer language mentioned specifically? All the other signs and wonders have been given at least one scripture, why not prayer language if it is so important? Especially since people tend to say that it is the evidence of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit?

(Heb 6:4) For [it is] impossible for the ones once having been enlightened and having tasted of [fig., experienced] the heavenly free gift and having became sharers of [the] Holy Spirit

(Heb 10:15) But the Holy Spirit also testifies to us, for after having said before,

(1Pe 1:12) To whom it was revealed that not to themselves but to you* they were serving these [things], which now were announced to you* by the ones having proclaimed the Gospel to you* by [the] Holy Spirit having been sent from heaven, into which [things] angels desire to look.

(1Pe 4:11) When someone speaks, [let him speak] as [the] oracles [or, inspired utterances] of God. When someone serves, [let him serve] as from [the] strength [or, ability] as God supplies, so that in all [things] God shall be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom is the glory and the might [or, dominion] into the ages of the ages [fig., forever and ever]! So be it!

(2Pe 1:21) for prophecy never came by [the] will of a person, _but_ holy men of God spoke being moved along by [the] Holy Spirit.

(1Jn 4:13) By this we know that we abide in Him, and He in us, because He has given to us of His Spirit.

(1Jn 5:6) This is the One having come through water and blood-Jesus Christ; not by the water only, _but_ by the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the One testifying, because the Spirit is the truth.

(1Jn 5:8) the Spirit and the water and the blood, and the three are into the one [fig., agree as one].

(Jud 1:20) But _you*_, beloved, building yourselves up in your* most holy faith, praying in [the] Holy Spirit,

Previously Paul spoke about speaking in a tongue in 1 Corinthians 14. He did say there that speaking in a tongue that is not interpreted as only being edifying to the one speaking. So I guess this could indicate some kind of prayer language. But then how would we account for Paul telling us to pray for prophesying more if he knew that we needed to continue building ourselves up in faith by praying in a tongue/prayer language?

Wouldn’t this go more with Matthew 10 in that the Spirit would know what to say to us because he would speak what God would want him to? Would this be a prayer language? Would it have to be in words? Doesn’t Romans 8:26 tell us that the Spirit makes intercession on our behalf with inexpressible groanings?

Would we be able to be in continuous prayer in an audible voice and be able to function in other areas of our life?

(Rev 13:7) And it was given to it to make war with the holy ones and to overcome them, and authority was given to it over every tribe and people and tongue and nation.

(Rev 14:6) And I saw an angel flying in midair, having the eternal Gospel to proclaim to the ones sitting [fig., dwelling] on the earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and people,

2 thoughts on “New Testament Scriptures

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