Holy Spirit – Pray


Holy Spirit – Pray

Key Scripture: 1 Corinthians 14:12-16

12So it is with yourselves; since you are so eager and ambitious to possess spiritual endowments and manifestations of the [Holy] Spirit, [concentrate on] striving to excel and to abound [in them] in ways that will build up the church. 13Therefore, the person who speaks in an [unknown] tongue should pray [for the power] to interpret and explain what he says. 14For if I pray in an [unknown] tongue, my spirit [by the [d]Holy Spirit within me] prays, but my mind is unproductive [it bears no fruit and helps nobody]. 15Then what am I to do? I will pray with my spirit [by the [e]Holy Spirit that is within me], but I will also pray [intelligently] with my mind and understanding; I will sing with my spirit [by the Holy Spirit that is within me], but I will sing [intelligently] with my mind and understanding also. 16Otherwise, if you bless and render thanks with [your] spirit [[f]thoroughly aroused by the Holy Spirit], how can anyone in the position of an outsider or he who is not gifted with [interpreting of unknown] tongues, say the Amen to your thanksgiving, since he does not know what you are saying? [I Chron. 16:36; Ps. 106:48.] (AMP)

  • 12So it is with you. Since you are eager to have spiritual gifts, try to excel in gifts that build up the church. 13For this reason anyone who speaks in a tongue should pray that he may interpret what he says. 14For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. 15So what shall I do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will also pray with my mind; I will sing with my spirit, but I will also sing with my mind. 16If you are praising God with your spirit, how can one who finds himself among those who do not understand[a] say “Amen” to your thanksgiving, since he does not know what you are saying? (NIV)

Observations

a.      Keywords

  • Gifts (G5486) – charisma – a (divine) gratuity, that is, deliverance (from danger or passion); (specifically) a (spiritual) endowment, that is, (subjectively) religious qualification, or (objectively) miraculous faculty: – (free) gift.
  • Speak (G2980) -laleō – to talk, that is, utter words: – preach, say, speak (after), talk, tell, utter.
  • Tongues (G1100) – a tongue; the language or dialect used by a particular people distinct from that of other nations
  • Pray (G4336) – proseuchomai – to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship
  • Sing (G5567) – psallō- to twitch or twang, that is, to play on a stringed instrument (celebrate the divine worship with music and accompanying odes): – make melody, sing (psalms).
  • Upon (g1909) – epi – A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.: – about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, [where-]) fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-) on (behalf of) over, (by, for) the space of, through (-out), (un-) to (-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).

b.     Related Scriptures

  • Need to do further research regarding scriptures containing all these words.
  • Need to do further research regarding combinations of these words listed here unless otherwise indicated.
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Upon / Gifts
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Upon / Speak
    • There are no other scriptures with this combination.
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Upon / Tongues
    • There are no other scriptures with this combination.
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Upon / Sing
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Upon
    • Acts 8:15-17 – Peter and John prayed for the Samaritans to receive the Holy Spirit.
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Gifts
  • Holy Spirit / Pray / Speak
    • There are no other scriptures with this combination.
  • Holy Spirit/ Pray / Tongues
    • There are no other scriptures with this combination.
  • Holy Spirit / Pray
    • Matthew 26:36-44 – Jesus is praying in Gethsemane before he is arrested. The word translated as spirit in this passage refers to the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides – Not the Holy Spirit
    • Luke 3:21-22 – Jesus is praying and being baptized by John the Baptist. The Holy Spirit appeared as a dove.
    • Romans 8:26-27 – The Spirit helps in our weaknesses for what we may pray for, the Spirit makes intercession. It specifically says, “with groanings unutterable”
      • groanings (G4726) stenagmos – a sigh: – groaning.
      • unutterable (G215) alalētos – derivative of G2980; unspeakable: – unutterable, which cannot be uttered.
    • Ephesians 6:17-18 – The armor of God – Sword of the Spirit. “Through all prayer and supplication praying at all times in the Spirit.”
    • Jude 1:19-20 – Build yourself up founded on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit.

c.      Notes on Leading Scripture

  • In referring back to the beginning of this chapter, this tongues is the tongues [human language] mentioned in the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Verse 4 speaks of both tongues and prophesy. Also in verse 12 Paul references “spiritual gifts”
  • Person who speaks in a tongue [human language] should pray to interpret and explain what he says.
  • This is talking about praying in a person’s spirit, not with the Holy Spirit. V14 says, “For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays,” MY spirit, not THE spirit. V 15 says, “so what shall I do? I will pray with my spirit” MY spirit again. V16 says, “If you are praising God with your spirit” YOUR spirit
  • Praying in a tongue [human language] is unproductive for my mind. Paul writes to pray with both MY Spirit and MY mind.
  • Paul writes that if you bless and render thanks with MY spirit, no one without the gift of interpretation can say amen because they do not know what I am saying.
  • Later in this same chapter, Paul writes that tongues [human language] is for a sign to the unbelieving (v22). He writes to let all things be for building up [of the assembly] (v26) He writes to if an unknown tongue [human language] is spoke, no more than two or three should speak in turn, and there must be interpretation or remain silent.

d.     Notes In Relation To Other Scriptures

  • The study is incomplete, notes are based on information collected up to this point.
  • The leading scripture speaks about the gift of tongues [human language] which can be interpreted. Romans 8:26 speaks of praying where the Spirit makes intercession, but it is in groanings unutterable.
    • If it is a groaning and unutterable, would it be something that could be interpreted?
    • If there is a “language” of praying in the Spirit, this seems to be the reference to it, groanings unutterable.
  • Ephesians speaks of praying in the Spirit. Jude speaks of building yourself up praying in the Holy Spirit.
    • In reviewing six commentaries on both scriptural references, it is a consensuses among them.
      • “None can pray aright save by being in the Spirit, that is, in the element of His influence.”
      • Prayer is the nurse of faith; the way to build up ourselves in our most holy faith is tocontinue instant in prayer, Rom. 12:12. [2.] Our prayers are then most likely to prevail when wepray in the Holy Ghost, that is, under his guidance and influence, according to the rule of his word, with faith, fervency, and constant persevering importunity; this is praying in the Holy Ghost, whether it be done by or without a set prescribed form. (M. Henry)

Other notes:

  • 1 Corinthians 2:12-14 – Paul writes that we know the things conferred by God which we speak in words taught by the Spirit. Natural man dos not, to him they are foolishness, he is not able to know them.
  • 1 Corinthians 14:27 – Seems to indicate that no matter why or what type of tongue is being spoken, it should be interpreted or the speaker should remain silent.
  • 1 Corinthians 14:2 – Although debated among theologians, the original Greek text indicated the words “a God” as opposed to “God.”
  • Matthew 6:7 – Jesus says not to pray with repetition like the pagans. The word translated babbling is similar to our words zip, whoosh, bang.

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