Bride of Christ

Bride of the Lamb (Christ)

Key Verse: Revelation 21:9-10

Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven final plagues (afflictions, calamities) came and spoke to me. He said, Come with me! I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife. Then in the Spirit He conveyed me away to a vast and lofty mountain and exhibited to me the holy (hallowed, consecrated) city of Jerusalem descending out of heaven from God,



  • Bride (G3565) numphē = 1) a betrothed woman, a bride; 2) a recently married woman, young wife; 3) a young woman; 4) a daughter-in-law | From a primary but obsolete verb νύπτω nuptō (to veil as a bride; compare the Latin “nupto”, to marry); a young married woman (as veiled), including a betrothed girl; by implication, a son’s wife: – bride, daughter in law.
  • Lamb (G721) arnion = a little lamb, a lamb
  • Wife (G1135) gunē = 1) a woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a widow; 2) a wife; 2a) of a betrothed woman
  • Jerusalem (G2419)Hierousalēm =Jerusalem= “set ye double peace”
    • 1) denotes either the city itself or the inhabitants
    • 2) “theJerusalemthat now is”, with its present religious institutions, i.e. the Mosaic system, so designated from its primary external location
    • 3) “Jerusalemthat is above”, that is existing in heaven, according to the pattern of which the earthlyJerusalemwas supposed to be built
      • 3a) metaphorically “the City ofGodfounded by Christ”, now wearing the form of the church, but after Christ’s return to put on the form of the perfected Messianic kingdom
    • 4) “the heavenly Jerusalem”, that is the heavenly abode of God, Christ, the angels, saints of the Old and New Testament periods and those Christians that are alive at Christ’s return
    • 5) “the New Jerusalem”, a splendid visible city to be let down from heaven after the renovation of the world, the future abode of the blessed

Related Scriptures

  • Scriptures containing all four words
    • This is the only verse(s) with all four words.
  • Scriptures containing three of the words
    • This is the only verse(s) with three of the words.
  • Scriptures containing two of the words
    • Rev 19:7-9 – Let us rejoice and shout for joy [exulting and triumphant]! Let us celebrate and ascribe to Him glory and honor, for the marriage of the Lamb [at last] has come, and His bride has prepared herself. [Ps. 118:24.] She has been permitted to dress in fine (radiant) linen, dazzling and white–for the fine linen is (signifies, represents) the righteousness (the upright, just, and godly living, deeds, and conduct, and right standing with God) of the saints (God’s holy people). Then [the angel] said to me, Write this down: Blessed (happy, to be envied) are those who are summoned (invited, called) to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he said to me [further], These are the true words (the genuine and exact declarations) of God.
  • Scriptures containing one word and having related meaning
    • Bride = And never again shall the light of a lamp shine in you, and the voice of bridegroom and bride shall never be heard in you again; for your businessmen were the great and prominent men of the earth, and by your magic spells and poisonous charm all nations were led astray (seduced and deluded). And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all those who have been slain (slaughtered) on earth. [Jer. 51:49.] (Rev 18:23-24)
    • Bride = “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price. (Rev 22:16-17)
    • Jerusalem= But whereas the child of the slave woman was born according to the flesh and had an ordinary birth, the son of the free woman was born in fulfillment of the promise. Now all this is an allegory; these [two women] represent two covenants. One covenant originated from Mount Sinai[where the Law was given] and bears [children destined] for slavery; this is Hagar. Now Hagar is (stands for)Mount Sinaiin Arabiaand she corresponds to and belongs in the same category with the present Jerusalem, for she is in bondage together with her children. But the Jerusalem above (the Messianic kingdom of Christ) is free, and she is our mother. …  So, brethren, we [who are born again] are not children of a slave woman [the natural], but of the free [the supernatural]. (Gal 4:23-26, 31)
    • Jerusalem = But rather, you have come to Mount Zion, even to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to countless multitudes of angels in festal gathering, And to the church (assembly) of the Firstborn who are registered [as citizens] in heaven, and to the God Who is Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous (the redeemed in heaven) who have been made perfect, And to Jesus, the Mediator (Go-between, Agent) of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood which speaks [of mercy], a better and nobler and more gracious message than the blood of Abel [which cried out for vengeance]. [Gen. 4:10.] (Heb 12:22-24)
    • Jerusalem = He who overcomes (is victorious), I will make him a pillar in the sanctuary of My God; he shall never be put out of it or go out of it, and I will write on him the name of My God and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which descends from My God out of heaven, and My own new name. [Isa. 62:2; Ezek. 48:35.] (Rev 3:12)
    • Jerusalem = And I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, all arrayed like a bride beautified and adorned for her husband;  (Rev 21:2)

Notes on Leading Scripture

  • Indicates Jerusalem as the bride of Christ
  • This is the “New”Jerusalem
  • Who is in this Jerusalem? (Heb 12:22-24)
    • Living God
    • Angels (G32)
    • Church of the Firstborn (assembly (G3831); church (G1577))
    • God who is judge of all
    • Spirits of righteous (spirits (G4151); righteous (G1342))
    • Jesus, the Mediator (mediator G3316))

Notes In Relation To Other Scriptures

  • Rev 19:7-9 also mentions the Saints.
    • Saints (G40) – sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated): – (most) holy (one, thing), saint.
    • This is the explanation (gar) of the bridal dress (Phi_3:9.)
  • Rev 18:23-24 also mentions the Saints.
    • Saints (G40) – sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated): – (most) holy (one, thing), saint.
    • You refers to Babylon.
    • Speaks of the blood of the saints.
  • Hebrews 12:22-24 also mentions the Church.
    • Church (G1577) – a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both): – assembly, church.
    • The church is referred to as registered citizens in Heaven.

Other Scriptures to consider:

  • So that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the Word, That He might present the church to Himself in glorious splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such things [that she might be holy and faultless]. (Eph 5:26-27)
  • For your Maker is your Husband–the Lord of hosts is His name–and the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer; the God of the whole earth He is called. (Isa 54:5)
  • Return, O faithless children [of the whole twelve tribes], says the Lord, for I am Lord and Master and Husband to you, and I will take you [not as a nation, but individually]–one from a city and two from a tribal family–and I will bring you to Zion. [Luke 15:20-22.] (Jer 3:14)
  • Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, [Luke 22:20; I Cor.11:25.] Not according to the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was their Husband, says the Lord. But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel: After those days, says the Lord, I will put My law within them, and on their hearts will I write it; and I will be their God, and they will be My people. (Jer 31:31-33)
  • I, Jesus, have sent My messenger (angel) to you to witness and to give you assurance of these things for the churches (assemblies). I am the Root (the Source) and the Offspring of David, the radiant and brilliant Morning Star. [Isa. 11:1, 10.] The [Holy] Spirit and the bride (the church, the true Christians) say, Come! And let him who is listening say, Come! And let everyone come who is thirsty [who is painfully conscious of his need of those things by which the soul is refreshed, supported, and strengthened]; and whoever [earnestly] desires to do it, let him come, take, appropriate, and drink the water of Life without cost. [Isa. 55:1.] (Rev 22:16-17)
  • For I am zealous for you with a godly eagerness and a divine jealousy, for I have betrothed you to one Husband, to present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. [Hos. 2:19, 20.] (2Co 11:2)

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